Root canal therapy or endodontic therapy is a procedure which involves removal of infected pulp,cleaning and shaping of canal,and filling or sealing it with bio material(gutta-percha). Endodontic treatment treats the inside of the tooth and is necessary when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected. The causes might be due to deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, faulty crowns, or a crack or chip in the tooth. In addition, trauma to a tooth may cause pulp damage even if the tooth has no visible chips or cracks. If pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess.
Root canal treatment is incomplete without a crown .it is essential as it prevents the tooth from fracture and help in maintaining the original strength.
IMillions of teeth are treated and saved each year with root canal, or endodontic, treatment.Saving the natural tooth with root canal treatment has many advantages:
• Efficient chewing
• Natural appearance
• Prevents other teeth from infection,excessive wear or strain.
With proper care, most teeth that have had root canal treatment can last as long as other natural teeth and often for a lifetime.